Glossary of Planning Terms

Adoption – The final confirmation of a development plan by a local planning authority.

Affordable housing- includes social rented, affordable rented and intermediate housing, provided to eligible households whose needs are not met by the market. Eligibility is determined with regard to local incomes and local house prices. Affordable housing should include provisions to remain at an affordable price for future eligible households or for the subsidy to be recycled for alternative affordable housing provision.

Amenity Land – Land which is valued locally for its visual importance and contribution to the character of the area but may also have other uses i.e. formal or informal recreation, environmental, cultural and historical and for wildlife and nature conservation value.

Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) An area with statutory national landscape designation, the primary purpose of which is to conserve and enhance natural beauty. Together with National Parks, AONB represent the nation’s finest landscapes. AONB are designated by the Natural England.

BANANA – An extreme kind of NIMBY – Build Absolutely Nothing Anywhere Near Anyone.

Brownfield Land (and Sites) – land that has been previously developed.

Change of Use – a material change in the use of land or buildings that is significant for planning purposes e.g. from retail to residential

Communities and Local Government ‘Communities and Local Government’ is the Government department with responsibility for planning, housing, urban regeneration and local government (“DCLG”).

Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL) – allows Local Authorities to raise funds developers undertaking new building projects in their areas. Money can be used to fund a wide range of infrastructure such as transport schemes, schools, health centres, leisure centres and parks.  Parishes with a neighbourhood plan will receive 25% of any community infrastructure levy arising from developments in their area compared to parishes without a neighbourhood plan who will receive 15%.

Conservation Area – an area of special architectural or historic interest, the character or appearance of which are preserved by local planning policies and guidance.

Core strategy – a Development Plan Document produced by Herefordshire Council in consultation with the community which sets out the strategic policies for the county. This forms part of the Local Development Framework.

Development Plan Documents (DPDs) – Includes adopted Herefordshire Local Plan- Core Strategy and Neighbourhood Development Plans which are used to determine planning applications.

Evidence base – The background information that any Development Plan Document is based on and is made up of studies on specific issues, such as play areas or housing mix, facts about an area or views from stakeholders; for example SHLAA (Strategic Housing Land Availability Assessments).

Flood Risk Assessment – An assessment of the likelihood of flooding in a particular area so that development needs and mitigation measures can be carefully considered.

Greenfield site – Land where there has been no previous development, often in agricultural use

Green-space  – Those parts of an area which are occupied by natural, designed or agricultural landscape as opposed to built development; open space, parkland, woodland, sports fields, gardens, allotments and the like.

Housing Associations – Not-for-profit organisations providing homes mainly to those in housing need

Independent Examination – An assessment of a proposed Neighbourhood Plan carried out by an independent person to consider whether a Neighbourhood Plan meets the required conformity and legal requirements.

Infrastructure – Basic services necessary for development to take place, for example, roads, electricity, sewerage, water, education and health facilities.

Listed Building –   building of special architectural or historic interest.

Local Development Framework (LDF) – The name for the collection of documents which guide the future development in the county.

Local Planning Authority – Local government body responsible for formulating planning policies and controlling development; a district council, metropolitan council, county council, a unitary authority or national park authority. For Weston under Penyard this is Herefordshire Council.

Natural England –  A statutory adviser on landscape in England, with responsibility for landscape designations such as National Parks, Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty and Heritage Coasts. Also concerned with England’s future landscapes and involved in planning policy and a range of environmental land management projects.

Neighbourhood Development Plan A local plan prepared by a parish council for a particular Neighbourhood Area, which includes land use topics

NIMBY – “Not In My Back Yard” – used when discussing planning issues.  Term is used to define the opposition of residents who are against new developments that they believe will devalue their properties.

Open Space – All space of public value, including public landscaped areas, playing fields, parks and play areas, and also including not just land, but also areas of water such as rivers, canals, lakes and reservoirs, which can offer opportunities for sport and recreation or can also act as a visual amenity and a haven for wildlife.

Parish Plan – Community led plans which contain a wide range of community issues and aspirations. There is no requirement for parish plans to include land use policies. Endorsed Parish Plans can be material consideration in determining planning applications.

N. B. The Weston under Penyard Parish Plan 2006 has been endorsed by the Parish Council and Herefordshire Council.

Planning Permission – Formal approval granted by a council (e.g. Herefordshire Council) in allowing a proposed development to proceed

Public Open Space – Open space to which the public has free access.

Section 106 Agreement – Planning obligation under section 106 of the Town & Country Planning Act 1990, secured by a local planning authority through negotiations with a developer to offset the public cost of permitting a development proposal. Sometimes developers self-impose obligations to pre-empt objections to planning permission being granted.

Settlement boundary – Settlement or development boundaries (village envelopes) seek to set clear limits to towns and villages. They are designed to define the existing settlement and to identify areas of land where development may be acceptable in principle, subject to other policies and material planning considerations.

Soundness – The soundness of a statutory local planning document is determined by the planning inspector against three criteria: whether the plan is justified (founded on robust and credible evidence and be the most appropriate strategy), whether the plan is effective (deliverable, flexible and able to be monitored), and whether it is consistent with national and local planning policy.

Stakeholder – People who have an interest in an organisation or process including residents, business owners and national organisations and government departments

Statement of Community Involvement (SCI) – A formal statement of the process of community consultation undertaken in the preparation of a statutory plan..

Sustainable Communities – Places where people want to live and work, now and in the future.

Sustainable Development – An approach to development that aims to allow economic growth without damaging the environment or natural resources. Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

Use Classes Order – The Town and Country Planning (Use Classes) Order 1987(as amended) is the statutory instrument that defines the categories of use of buildings or land for the purposes of planning legislation. Planning permission must be obtained to change the use of a building or land to another class.

Windfall sites – Any area of land that is suitable for development within the terms of planning policies, but has not specifically been identified and allocated within a Development Plan Document. The development of these can be unpredictable.


This glossary is neither a statement of law nor an interpretation of the law, and its status is only an introductory guide to some planning issues and other matters that might be relevant to the Weston under Penyard Neighbourhood Plan

Herefordshire Council has produced a Glossary of planning terms that can be viewed on its web-site; Herefordshire Council – Neighbourhood Planning – Guidance Note 18